2016: An Imperfect World
Disease & Public Health
- What is a disease? What is an epidemic?
- What is the difference between epidemiology and public health?
- Does globalization increase the spread of disease?
- What role should governments play in ensuring public health?
- What are the greatest threats to public health in your country?
- What are the greatest threats to public health worldwide?
- When would it be appropriate to quarantine an entire city or country?
- When should you give up on saving a patient’s life?
- Should doctors risk their own lives to treat victims of epidemics?
- How can we keep our societies safe from epidemics?
- What is the difference between individual and structural interventions?
- Are we all ultimately responsible for our own health?
- Should we strive for a world without disease?
- Is it worth sacrificing a few lives to develop the cure to a fatal disease?
In Sickness and in Health
- Purpose of Public Health
- Hospitals, Clinics, and Other Health Providers
- Medical Education
- National and Global Institutions
- Private vs. Public Health
- Successes and Shortcomings
- From Hippocrates to the Four Humors: Classical Views of Disease
- Distinguishing Sickness, Illness, and Disease
- Advances in the 19th and 20th Centuries
- Agents of Infection & Modes of Pathogen Transmission
- Detecting and Managing Epidemics
- The Search for Cures and Treatments
- Social Responses to Disease
Diseases to Explore (Examples)
- smallpox | bubonic plague | cholera | polio
- syphilis | tuberculosis | malaria | influenza | dengue
- yellow fever | leishmaniasis | hepatitis | mumps
- meningitis | HIV/AIDS | cooties | chicken pox
- obesity | smoking | type 2 diabetes
Historical Outbreaks to Research (Examples)
- The Black Death | Plague of Justinian | Antonine Plague | Plague of Athens
- Cholera epidemic of 1854 | Great Plague of London | Ebola outbreak of 2015|
- Cocoliztli epidemics | the First and Second Cholera Pandemics
- Third Plague Pandemic | 1918 Spanish Flu Pandemic
- Avian Bird Flu of 1957 | H1N1 | SARS & MERS in the 21st century
Terms to Learn (Examples)
- endemic | outbreak | pathogenicity | triage
- prevalence | incidence | retrovirus | incubation
- infectious vs. lifestyle diseases | epidemiological transition
- intervention | descriptive vs. analytic epidemiology
- risk factors | cohort | zoonosis | fomite | latency | outlier
- dependent vs. independent variables | false negative
- agent | double blind trials | patient zero | chain of infection
- droplet spread | herd immunity | morbidity | comorbidity
- infant mortality | heterozygote advantage
- Center for Disease Control
Additional Cases & Questions to Discuss